The climate Change is perpetuating unabated to cause alarming proportions on our Health. After human intervention to satiate our greed, the Earth’s climate is changing, which remained stable almost over 10,000 years. Climate change poses a major threat and unfamiliar challenges.
We deserve a safe future. And we demand a safe future. Is that too much to ask? But to increase consumption and prove ourselves more powerful than others, we have neglected the Mother Nature to an extent that our entire civilisation is at the brink of extinction facing health threats.
Extreme high air temperatures contribute directly to deaths from cardiovascular and respiratory disease, particularly among elderly people. In the heatwave of summer 2003 in Europe, for example, over 70 000 excess deaths were recorded.
I would like to quote the annual report of The Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change.
The report provided statistical data on climate, which is alarming. The report provides statistics of 296,000 heat-related premature deaths in people over 65 years in 2018 which is an increase of 54% in the last two decades. The report provides how severely it has impacted the production of crops worldwide which has declined by 1.8–5.6% somewhere in the range of 1981 and 2019.
The suggestive samples are based on the current population of 145 million people. The report is apprehensive of the suggestions, if climate change challenges are not taken seriously, It would severely impact our health.
While climate change is likely to have an influence causing natural disasters like drought, fires, and excessive heat which can have a drastic impact on human existence. Far more dangerous is the impact and intricate the impact on people having pre-existing health conditions. The most blatant and vulnerable target is the elders and the people who are working in outdoor and construction sectors. The author has cited many untoward impacts of climate change on causing an impact on climate giving way to factors that are detrimental for our physical and mental health.
There is enough evidence provided by the scientific community and the doctors suggesting that climate change is drastically affecting our health in a big way. We know Asthma, and we ascribe many allergic disorders to pollens and dust particles. Health Experts have ascribed these adverse particles of pollens to the periodic spreading of some allergenic pollen classes, which has been attributed to increased heat wave related deaths.
The effect of global warming on patients with water- and food-borne infectious diseases is alarming. Let’s cite an example of Bangladesh, where the patients of cholera have exploded. We attribute all this to high and low rainfalls. We also credit the cyclic change of variations in the rainfall to global warming.
Many other diseases like Malaria, Japanese Encephalitis, and Dengue are prominent examples of mosquito-borne infectious diseases. These diseases are directly attributed to global warming. Let me cite an example of Malaria, it is one of the visibly reported disorders in the world. Global warming changes to the geographical factors which imbibe the prerequisite factors conducive enough to spread the onset of the disease as it changes the distribution and the intensity of the transmission.
The agriculture sector is one of the most factors for any country for its economy. We know these hardworking farmers have to work in their fields under the scorching sun. We know global warming has increased the global temperature which is detrimental for their health. Heatstroke is just a common outcome of exposing oneself to the sun. It has been found that a sizeable population of farmers is affected by Non-melanoma skin cancer. Farmers are the most exposed to harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation of
all outdoor workers and so are the other construction workers and those working for the government for railway projects or building roads.
In a report, the World Health Organisation ( WHO) has claimed the 150,000 death annually due to climate change and is expected to rise to 300,000 deaths which would be double of current figures. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) states that expansion in worldwide air concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) is primarily because of non-renewable energy source use and, in a more modest yet huge level, to land-use change. According to IPCC, large numbers of elders have succumbed to the heatwave in Europe. The numbers are as high as 35,000 during the 2003 heatwave in Europe.
We also are witnessing how global warming is resulting in severe droughts. It generally impacts African countries more than any other continent, where the temperature is increasing drastically. Continued periods of abnormally high temperatures can have serious health effects on vulnerable populations, such as the elderly and the sick.
Globally, the number of reported weather-related natural disasters has more than tripled since the 1960s. Every year, these disasters result in over 60 000 deaths, mainly in developing countries.
Rising sea levels and increasingly extreme weather events will destroy homes, medical facilities and other essential services. More than half of the world’s population lives within 60 km of the sea. People may be forced to move, which in turn heightens the risk of a range of health effects, from mental disorders to communicable diseases.